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Typhoid fever cases reported in Tshwane, Western Cape and Northwest



At least seven cases of typhoid are confirmed in Gauteng between December 2021 and February, the metro confirmed on Friday.

“The lab confirmed reported cases in Tshwane since January 2022 are five, including those on Thursday,” Tshwane told health MMC Rina Marx. Pretoria Rekord

Two more cases were reported on the subway in December, but nevertheless, Marx assured that this did not mean there was an outbreak of typhoid fever.

“Reported cases to date have been scattered, but there is currently no apparent cluster outbreak and health department teams are closely monitoring all reported cases,” she explained.

Typhoid fever, also called intestinal fever or simply ‘typhoid’, is a bacterial illness spread through contaminated food, water or close contact.

Vaccines are recommended in areas where it is common, with cases being confirmed only by lab testing.

typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics.

Current Outbreak Clusters

The National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) confirmed earlier this week that there were four outbreak clusters, in the city of Cape Town, the Cape Winelands, the Garden Route and in the Kenneth Kaunda District to the northwest.

The first cases came to light in 2020, but the presence of typhus only became apparent last year.

“The relevant state and district departments of health are aware of the clusters, and outbreak investigations are underway,” the NICD said in a press release. statement

The NICD assured that municipal water contamination would be “extremely unlikely to be the source of infection in any of these clusters,” due to the demographics and scale of the cases.

“It is very likely that there are complex chains of transmission within the respective communities, mainly due to the presence of unrecognized cases and carriers that serve as reservoirs of infection and lead to continued transmission.

“This makes it challenging to research and locate resource(s) within the communities.

“Health workers across the country should be more aware of gut fever so that cases can be detected and treated appropriately.”

The largest recent outbreak of enteric fever occurred in Delmas in 2005, with more than 2,900 cases reported.

Since then, South Africa has averaged about 97 cases of typhoid per year.

Here are typical symptoms of typhoid fever to look out for, especially if you’ve been in close contact with someone who tested positive:

  • An on and off fever that lasts more than 48 hours;
  • Headache;
  • Weakness and fatigue;
  • Abdominal pain, bloating and/or cramps;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Constipation or diarrhea;
  • Loss of appetite

As a rule of thumb, Marx encouraged residents to practice extensive hand hygiene and report to the nearest clinic if they suspected they had contracted the disease.

In addition, if a person is diagnosed with typhoid fever, he should avoid preparing food or serving it to others.

Using safe water is an integral part of preventing intestinal fever.

The NICD recommends treating water before drinking or cooking with it by boiling it for at least a minute or treating it with a teaspoon of household bleach.

Edited by Nica Richards. Additional reporting by Caxton publication Pretoria Rekord’s Keitumetse MaakoRead the original article here

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